) = aleph

b = beth

g = gimel

d = daleth

h = he

w = waw

z = zayin

x = heth

T = teth

y = yodh

k = kaph

l = lamedh

m = mem

n = nun

s = samekh

( = ayin

p = pe

c = tzade

q = qoph

r = resh

$ = shin

& = sin

t = taw

 

Jewish Aramaic:

a = patah

A = qames

e  = seghol

E = sere

i  = hireq

u  = qibbus

U = sureq

o = holem

O = plene holem

: = shewa

:a  = h/patah

:e = h/seghol

:o = h/qames

% = sof pasuq

 

 

 

Syriac diacritics:

. = supralinear point

_ = sublinear point

: = syame

~ = supralinear line

+ = sublinear line

' = abbreviation

F = sublin. double point

Syriac punctuation:

, = single dot

; = double dot

% = diamond

 

 @  connector of lexical compounds (e.g. "kl@qwbl")

 quotation marks (vertical bar in unicode)  non-Aramaic text

 "-"  Personal Name

 "=" = Geographical Name

 {{ __ }} = text deleted in manuscript

 { __ } = text deleted by editor 

 << __ >> = text added in manuscript

 < __ > = text added by editor 

 /__ / = variant

 #__ # (','' in unicode) = source of variant

 \ __ = marker of beginning of multi-words variant

  [ __ ] = broken text

 ^ __ ^ = interlinear text

  | = word divider

 ? = unclear but quite certain letter

  * = very uncertain letter